Posted by LAM Xin Hui, Year 4 undergrad at the School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University
February 24, 2015
By Roberto Da Re, chief executive of Dolphin Dynamics
Fraud can hit your bottom line, hammer your reputation, and scare off customers. But it is possible to minimise the risks. More control and more automation is the best place to start. This is because the complicated transactional nature of travel leaves it open to fraud. There are deposits, payments, cancellations, refunds, taxes, discounts and commissions. Control these touch points and the potential for fraud can be reduced. Continue reading
Noble says Iceberg author a former staff; group posts US$240m Q4 loss
27 Feb5:50 AM
NOBLE Group has fingered a former employee as the person behind Iceberg Research, as it reported on Thursday its first quarterly loss in three years due to a heavy impairment charge on an associate. Continue reading
The SEC Caves on China: An exemption for Chinese auditors puts U.S. markets at risk.
Feb. 26, 2015 11:12 a.m. ET
U.S. stock-market regulators say they promote transparency and fair play, but this month the Securities and Exchange Commission quietly carved out a China-size exception: When Chinese companies list on U.S. markets, basic auditing rules won’t apply.
Why? Because China’s government doesn’t want them to, and Washington bent to Beijing’s pressure. The SEC has long sought access to the auditing records of Chinese companies suspected of fraud. Tens of billions of dollars in U.S. market value have disappeared in recent years as more than 170 U.S.-listed Chinese companies have faced scrutiny for embezzlement, theft, misrepresentation and other alleged abuses. Continue reading
Related: HK SFC action against China Metal Recycling for accounting fraud serves as test case for HK laws involving mainland China firms
SFC wins court order to wind up China metal recycler for forgery
Thursday, 26 February, 2015, 10:17pm
Eric Ng firstname.lastname@example.org
The Securities and Futures Commission won a landmark court order to wind up China Metal Recycling (Holdings), which said it was the mainland’s largest recycler of scrap metal but was alleged by the SFC to have grossly inflated sales and profit by forging documents and transactions. It is the first time the securities watchdog has obtained a court directive to liquidate a Hong Kong-listed firm under the Securities and Futures Ordinance to protect minority shareholders and creditors. The SFC said CMR overstated its sales by about 46 per cent, or HK$8 billion, and its gross profit by 72 per cent or HK$1 billion between 2007 and 2009.
“This is an audacious and dishonest scheme using multiple secret nominees established all around the world to deceive Hong Kong investors and creditors into believing [CMR] had a track record and a performance that it simply did not have,” said SFC executive director of enforcement Mark Steward. The SFC said CMR devised a complex scheme to inflate its sales and profit dating back to its 2009 initial public offering prospectus, using a Macau subsidiary as a “factory” for generating false documents. The scheme involved fake shipments of scrap metal between the United States and mainland China, false shipping documents and accounts, and “highly complex round robin” transactions spanning continents. The Macau unit, Central Steel Macao, had made 431 payments totalling US$2.4 billion to purported suppliers in the US and Hong Kong in 2012, the SFC said. Almost all were ultimately sent back to the Macau unit. Continue reading
Posted by Amy CHAN Wen Yi, Year 4 undergrad at the School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University
A Chinese animal-feed and hog-production company has agreed to pay $18 million to settle Securities and Exchange Commission allegations that it reported fake revenue to meet financial targets and boost its stock price, the SEC said Monday.
AgFeed Industries Inc. inflated its revenue by $239 million by creating fake invoices for the sale of feed and purported sales of hogs that didn’t actually exist, among other methods, the SEC said when it filed suit against the company in March. The moves boosted the company’s annual revenue over a 3 ½-year period by amounts ranging from 71% to 103%, according to the SEC. Continue reading
Posted by M Laavanya, Year 3 undergrad at the School of Accountancy, Singapore Management University
Muddy Waters alleges fraud at Superb Summit
Thursday, 20 November, 2014, 4:00pm
Toh Han Shih email@example.com
Muddy Waters alleges reported revenues came from non-existent unit
Hong Kong shares of Superb Summit International Group were suspended at 11.19am yesterday, after US short-seller Muddy Waters released a report alleging fraud at the loss-making company.
A helpful critical thinking framework relevant for Noble Group, as well as many of the S-chips that include China Environment, the company that Terence, Roy, Shan Rui, Ronald, John have wrote and discussed about.
Journal of Accounting and Economics Volume 38, December 2004, Pages 297–331
Do investors overvalue firms with bloated balance sheets?
David Hirshleifer, Kewei Hou, Siew Hong Teoh, , Yinglei Zhang
When cumulative net operating income (accounting value-added) outstrips cumulative free cash flow (cash value-added), subsequent earnings growth is weak. If investors with limited attention focus on accounting profitability, and neglect information about cash profitability, then net operating assets, the cumulative difference between operating income and free cash flow, measures the extent to which reporting outcomes provoke over-optimism. During the 1964–2002 sample period, net operating assets scaled by total assets is a strong negative predictor of long-run stock returns. Predictability is robust with respect to an extensive set of controls and testing methods. Continue reading