Why transparent, conservative accounting is so important: The case of Toshiba-Sandisk VIEs

https://www.roycefunds.com/insights/editorial/2015/07/why-transparent-conservative-accounting-important

Why transparent, conservative accounting is so important…

Last updated July 24, 2015

On Tuesday, July 21, Toshiba Corporation became embroiled in an accounting scandal that led to the resignation of its CEO following the results of an outside investigation which concluded that the company had overstated profits by more than $1.2 billion over a seven-year period.

None of our portfolios hold Toshiba, but the story captured our attention for two reasons. First,Charlie Dreifus and I share a keen interest in accounting issues. Secondly, Toshiba has a number of joint ventures with SanDisk Corporation, a stock which we currently do not own but which both Charlie and I have held in the past. Continue reading

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Samsung Electronics Dubai Engaged in Accounting Scandal

http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/article/11522/disgrace-samsung-electronics-dubai-engaged-accounting-scandal

Samsung Electronics Dubai Engaged in Accounting Scandal

24 July 2015 – 5:00pm

Cho Jin-young

A large-scale accounting scandal has broke out in Samsung Electronics Dubai. The incident was exposed through an internal inspection, and some Samsung Electronics headquarters employees are currently staying in Dubai to go over its accounting data.

The Dubai office, which had annual operating profits of approximately 100 billion won (US$85.5 million), recently reported that it recorded losses in the first quarter of this year. Samsung Electronics, in response, examined its ledgers and uncovered the scandal. Continue reading

Hyundai E&C slides on accounting fraud allegations, inflating profits by reducing its cost-income ratio

Hyundai E&C slides on accounting fraud allegations

24 July 2015

Maeil Business Newspaper

Shares in Hyundai Engineering & Construction declined Friday morning after news reports that its major affiliate Hyundai Engineering is involved in an alleged accounting fraud worth hundreds of billions of won. At 9:48 a.m., Hyundai E&C sank 7.13 percent to trade at 35,150 won. Hyundai E&C, the country’s top builder, owns a 38.62 percent in of Hyundai Engineering. Media reports said Hyundai Engineering inflated profits by reducing its cost-income ratio, a whistleblower was quoted as saying. Hyundai Engineering argued there was no foul play and the individual told a lie due to conflicts with the company.

Stock manipulation: Kumar Wire Cloth Manufacturing Company

Stock manipulation: Kumar Wire Cloth Manufacturing Company

22 July 2015

Moneylife

In just five months, the stock price of Kumar Wire Cloth shot up 858%. Prior to February 2015, there was, literally, no trading Kumar Wire Cloth Manufacturing Company (KWCMC) is supposedly into wire-mesh products for various industries such as pharmaceuticals, textile yarns, and filters, etc. With a market-capitalisation of about Rs3 crore, KWCMC generated revenues of Rs75 lakh for the year ended March 2015, a 20% drop compared to its revenue of Rs94 lakh for the year ended March 2014. In the March 2015 quarter, KWCMC reported a loss of Rs17 lakh. In the previous quarters, too, there was hardly any profit. Poor fundamentals, of course, are no deterrent for its stock price rise. From Rs1.16 on 11 February 2015, in just five months, the stock price shot up to Rs11.11 on 14 July 2015, up 858% or nine times! This humongous rally was possible as the stock hit its upper circuit of 2% in each trading session. In this five-month period, there were just one or two trades in a day. What makes it even more suspicious is that prior to February 2015, there was, literally, no trading. The stock was traded on only four days in the entire calendar year 2014. Such brazen manipulation, of course, does not attract the attention of the market regulator.

Black money: SIT tells Sebi to clamp down on misuse of P-notes; SIT concerned over stock manipulation

Black money: SIT tells Sebi to clamp down on misuse of P-notes

Remya Nair

24 July 2015

Mint

New Delhi, July 24 — The special investigation team (SIT) set up by the Supreme Court to unearth black money has recommended scrutiny of final beneficial owners of so-called participatory notes (P-notes) to curb money laundering using these instruments, stringent action against companies involved in money laundering through manipulation of stock prices and proactive detection of shell companies, among other measures. Continue reading